Android Intent 用法全面总结

2011年12月8日09:57:29 发表评论 14 views

1. 调用拨号程序

// 给移动客服10086拨打电话
Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:10086");
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);
startActivity(intent);

2. 发送短信或彩信

// 给10086发送内容为“Hello”的短信
Uri uri = Uri.parse("smsto:10086");
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);
intent.putExtra("sms_body", "Hello");
startActivity(intent);
// 发送彩信(相当于发送带附件的短信)
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
intent.putExtra("sms_body", "Hello");
Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media/23");
intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);
intent.setType("image/png");
startActivity(intent);

3. 通过浏览器打开网页

// 打开Google主页
Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://www.google.com");
Intent intent  = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
startActivity(intent);

4. 发送电子邮件

// 给someone@domain.com发邮件
Uri uri = Uri.parse("mailto:someone@domain.com");
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);
startActivity(intent);
// 给someone@domain.com发邮件发送内容为“Hello”的邮件
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, "someone@domain.com");
intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "Subject");
intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "Hello");
intent.setType("text/plain");
startActivity(intent);
// 给多人发邮件
Intent intent=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
String[] tos = {"1@abc.com", "2@abc.com"}; // 收件人
String[] ccs = {"3@abc.com", "4@abc.com"}; // 抄送
String[] bccs = {"5@abc.com", "6@abc.com"}; // 密送
intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);
intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);
intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_BCC, bccs);
intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "Subject");
intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "Hello");
intent.setType("message/rfc822");
startActivity(intent);

5. 显示地图与路径规划

// 打开Google地图中国北京位置(北纬39.9,东经116.3)
Uri uri = Uri.parse("geo:39.9,116.3");
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
startActivity(intent);
// 路径规划:从北京某地(北纬39.9,东经116.3)到上海某地(北纬31.2,东经121.4)
Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&saddr=39.9 116.3&daddr=31.2 121.4");
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
startActivity(intent);

6. 播放多媒体

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
Uri uri = Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/foo.mp3");
intent.setDataAndType(uri, "audio/mp3");
startActivity(intent);
Uri uri = Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, "1");
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
startActivity(intent);

7. 拍照

// 打开拍照程序
Intent intent = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE); 
startActivityForResult(intent, 0);
// 取出照片数据
Bundle extras = intent.getExtras(); 
Bitmap bitmap = (Bitmap) extras.get("data");

8. 获取并剪切图片

// 获取并剪切图片
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
intent.setType("image/*");
intent.putExtra("crop", "true"); // 开启剪切
intent.putExtra("aspectX", 1); // 剪切的宽高比为1:2
intent.putExtra("aspectY", 2);
intent.putExtra("outputX", 20); // 保存图片的宽和高
intent.putExtra("outputY", 40); 
intent.putExtra("output", Uri.fromFile(new File("/mnt/sdcard/temp"))); // 保存路径
intent.putExtra("outputFormat", "JPEG");// 返回格式
startActivityForResult(intent, 0);
// 剪切特定图片
Intent intent = new Intent("com.android.camera.action.CROP"); 
intent.setClassName("com.android.camera", "com.android.camera.CropImage"); 
intent.setData(Uri.fromFile(new File("/mnt/sdcard/temp"))); 
intent.putExtra("outputX", 1); // 剪切的宽高比为1:2
intent.putExtra("outputY", 2);
intent.putExtra("aspectX", 20); // 保存图片的宽和高
intent.putExtra("aspectY", 40);
intent.putExtra("scale", true);
intent.putExtra("noFaceDetection", true); 
intent.putExtra("output", Uri.parse("file:///mnt/sdcard/temp")); 
startActivityForResult(intent, 0);

9. 打开Google Market

// 打开Google Market直接进入该程序的详细页面
Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=" + "com.demo.app");
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
startActivity(intent);

10. 安装和卸载程序

Uri uri = Uri.fromParts("package", "com.demo.app", null);  
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);  
startActivity(intent);

11. 进入设置界面

// 进入无线网络设置界面(其它可以举一反三)  
Intent intent = new Intent(android.provider.Settings.ACTION_WIRELESS_SETTINGS);  
startActivityForResult(intent, 0);
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